Women Experience Serious Side Effects While Using Mirena
Most prescription, and even over-the-counter medications, come with a list of warnings about possible side effects. The side effects for women who have used the hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) birth control Mirena are often extremely serious and can even cause lasting or permanent harm, including infertility. One of the most severe consequences is migration of the device, which is explained extensively in this blog post. Women have also experienced other debilitating unforeseen side effects while using Mirena.
Many women have experienced migration of the IUD out of the uterus, but others have also had the device spontaneously expelled from their body. If a woman does not realize that the device has been expelled, she is then left inadvertently unprotected from a pregnancy. According to drugwatch.com, spontaneous expulsion occurs in 6 percent of women and is more likely in women who have never given birth. Symptoms of this side effect include cramping, bleeding or spotting, pain during sexual intercourse and lengthened or absent device strings. (At the end of the vertical piece of the IUD, there is a small loop with attached polyethlyne strings that are used to remove the device. They can also be used to ensure the device is still in place.)
There is a chance that a woman can become pregnant even when Mirena remains in place. This occurrence can cause serious issues for the pregnancy and the woman. Therefore, doctors usually recommend removing the zygote (fertilized egg) immediately. Otherwise the woman may experience a septic abortion, a condition in which the uterus becomes septic, endangering both the woman and the pregnancy. Becoming pregnant while on Mirena can also cause miscarriage and a premature delivery.
Half of the women who become pregnant while on Mirena will have an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancies occur when the egg becomes fertilized outside the uterus and are also referred to as tubal pregnancies since the fertilization often occurs in the fallopian tubes. An ectopic pregnancy usually threatens the life of the mother, and women who have ectopic pregnancies often undergo surgery to remove the fertilized egg. This may also lead to infertility.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), another serious side effect of Mirena usage in some women, may also lead to infertility in some cases. PID is a bacterial infection that occurs in the female reproductive system. The infection can damage the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes and thus may lead to infertility. PID can occur as quickly as three weeks after insertion of the IUD.
Other less serious, but still unsettling side effects of Mirena usage include, acne, weight change, nausea, mood changes, breast tenderness, vaginal discharge and abnormal bleeding patterns.
These harsh side effects, including the horrifying possibility of becoming infertile, have led to numerous lawsuits against Bayer Pharmaceuticals, the manufacturer of Mirena. These lawsuits claim Bayer knew the dangerous risks of the device before releasing it to the public. The women claim Bayer willfully endangered them and are suing for punitive damages as well as compensation for medical costs and pain and suffering costs.
The lawyers at Nolan Law Group are currently evaluating Mirena IUD cases. If you or someone you know has suffered an injury after using Mirena, please Contact Us or call 312-630-4000.